Stone Application Guide & Glossary


Product Application Guide

The following information provides guidance for the suitability of our stone tiles and mosaics for particular applications. However you should always consult your installer regarding suitability of a product for your individual requirement, and also the wall and floor substrate to which the tiles will be applied.


FFloor applicationsIInterior use
WWall applicationsEExterior use
UFHUnder floor heatingDDomestic
BBathroomsLCLight commercial
S/WShowers and wet roomsCCommercial use

*    Polished product not suitable for use on shower floor
**   Application suitable for wall tiles only
***  Only suitable for floors in bathrooms


Domestic - Low wear resistance, suitable only for light domestic use after sealing

Light Commercial - Medium wear resistance, suitable for domestic and light commercial use

Commercial - Good wear resistance, suitable for domestic and commercial use

Glossary of Terms:

Aged/Antiqued/Vintaged - The stone is tumbled then distressed and additional ad hoc processes may be added to enhance the aged appearance.

Brushed - The stone is wire brushed, giving a consistent textured finish

Bush Hammered - The surface of the stone is texturised with hammers to create a finish that resembles naturally weathered rock

Chipped - The edges of the stone are chipped 'by hand'

Filled - Naturally occuring holes in teh stone are filledand the surface then honed

Honed - Abrasives are applied to the surface of the stone giving and even, smooth and generally matt finish

Natural Cleft - A natural riven finish achieved by splitting the stone

Polished - After honing the stone, much finer abrasives are applied to achieve an even, smooth and highly reflective surface

Tumbled - The stones are placed in large tumbling machines whose action gives an aged finish to surface and edges

General Information:

  • All natural stone samples are subject to variation in colour, texture and pattern and can therefore give only an approximate example of the general appearance of the stone

  • Natural stone is a variable material by its nature - each batch will be different even when coming from the same quarry. Please ensure that all tiles are ordered from the same batch and work with tiles from different pallets to achieve a harmonious look before fixing

  • Material should be cleaned and inspected prior to fixing and any faults or breakages reported within 3 days of receipt of your order

  • Laying should not be started until tiles are completely dry. As part of the cutting process requires water, some tiles may arrive damp. The tiles should be laid in a warm environment with a clear air flow until they are dry. The colour of a product is dependent on its water content, so damp products may appear darker in appearance when initially received

  • Marble, natural stone and limestone may appear to have fine and sometimes broader veins, which can appear as filled lines of fracture. This is a completely natural phenomenon, veining is not a weakness

  • The natural characteristics of Jura Beige and Jura Grey require that the preparation of the stone is done is stages. It is necessary to improve natural faults such as pores. open holes and small quartz veins by filling with resin. This procedure is necessary to guarantee perfect quality and in no way does it depreciate the value of the natural stone. Jura can also show elements of what appear to be rust patches - this is due to the metal oxides within the stone and is inherent to this type of limestone

  • It is customary in certain types of marble such as Crema Marfil to glue loose pieces together during production and sometimes provide an adhesive connector (net) on the back. This technique is necessary to provide a sound, reliable product

  • We recommend using honed and filled travertine stone only in light traffic areas. This is due to the possibility of small holes opening up over time. This is an inherent nature of the stone. These can be filled with grout and resealed, or can be resin filled, rehoned and resealed by a professional tiler

  • Slight honing marks can sometimes be seen on the surface of natural stone tiles - these sould disappear when sealed. Please note that this is unavoidable and should not be deemed as a fault

  • Random length - due to the nature of the product size some orders may be received without any shorter lengths and therefore additional cutting may be required